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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Peer Review Statement:

EJED is an international, ranked, peer-reviewed journal which publishes original research contributions to scientific knowledge. All manuscript submissions are subject to initial appraisal by the Editor, and, if found suitable for further consideration, to peer review by independent, anonymous expert referees.

All peer review is double blind and submission is online via www.duj.edu.et.  

Instructions for authors:

Thank you for choosing to submit your paper to us. These instructions will ensure we have everything required so your paper can move through preliminary review by editors, peer review, production and publication smoothly. Please take the time to read and follow them as closely as possible, as doing so will ensure your paper matches the journal's requirements. For general guidance on the publication process please visit our DU Journals website

Manuscript submission overview:

Complete guidelines for preparing and submitting your manuscript to this journal are provided below. Submission of an article implies that the work described;

  • Has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis), that is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the authorities responsible where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, the article will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, without the written consent of the publisher. The editors reserve the right to edit or otherwise alter all contributions, but authors will receive proofs for approval before publication.
  • Manuscripts for EJEDshould be submitted online at www.duj.edu.et.    The submitting author, who is generally the corresponding author, is responsible for the manuscript during the submission and peer-review process. The submitting author must ensure that all eligible co-authors have been included in the author list and that they have all read and approved the submitted version of the manuscript.
  • To submit your manuscript, register and log in to the submission website. Once you have registered, go to the submission page and complete all the submission steps.

    Copyrights policy:

    • Copyrights for articles are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal/publisher is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the author’s responsibility to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.
    • The publisher and journals have a zero-tolerance plagiarism policy. We check the issue using two methods: a plagiarism prevention tool and a reviewer check. All submissions will be checked for originality before being sent to reviewers.
    • Authors permit the publisher to apply a DOI to their articles and to archive them in databases and indexes.

      Publication Ethics Statement

      The editors of this journal enforce a rigorous peer-review process together with strict ethical policies and standards to ensure to add high quality scientific works to the field of scholarly publication. The editors of EJED take publishing ethics issues, like plagiarism, data falsification, image manipulation, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, very seriously and proceed with a zero tolerance policy.

      Authors wishing to publish their papers in EJED must abide to the following:

      • Any facts that might be perceived as a possible conflict of interest of the author(s) must be disclosed in the paper prior to submission.
      • Authors should accurately present their research findings and include an objective discussion of the significance of their findings.
      • Data and methods used in the research need to be presented in sufficient detail in the paper, so that other researchers can replicate the work.
      • Raw data should preferably be publicly deposited by the authors before submission of their manuscript. Authors need to at least have the raw data readily available for presentation to the referees and the editors of the journal, if requested. Authors need to ensure appropriate measures are taken so that raw data is retained in full for a reasonable time after publication.
      • Simultaneous submission of manuscripts to more than one journal is not tolerated.
      • Republishing content that is not novel is not tolerated (for example, an English translation of a paper that is already published in another language will not be accepted).
      • If errors and inaccuracies are found by the authors after publication of their paper, they need to be promptly communicated to the editors of this journal so that appropriate actions can be taken.
      • Your manuscript should not contain any information that has already been published. If you include already published figures or images, please obtain the necessary permission from the copyright holder to publish under the CC-BY license. For further information.
      • Plagiarism, data fabrication and image manipulation are not tolerated.
      • Plagiarism includes copying text, ideas, images, or data from another source, even from your own publications, without giving any credit to the original source.
      • Reuse of text that is copied from another source must be between quotes and the original source must be cited. If a study's design or the manuscript's structure or language has been inspired by previous works, these works must be explicitly cited.
      • If plagiarism is detected during the peer review process, the manuscript may be rejected. If plagiarism is detected after publication, we may publish a correction or retract the paper.
      • Image files must not be manipulated or adjusted in any way that could lead to misinterpretation of the information provided by the original image. 

Paper Selection and Publication Process:

  1. Upon receipt of a submission, the editor sends an e-mail of confirmation to the submission’s author within one to three working days. If you fail to receive this confirmation, your submission e-mail may have been missed.
  2. Peer We use a double-blind system for peer review; both reviewers’ and authors’ identities remain anonymous. The paper will be reviewed by at least two experts: one editorial staff member and one to three external reviewers. The review process may take two to four weeks.
  3. Notification of the result of review by e-mail.
  4. If the submission is accepted, the authors revise paper
  5. A PDF version of the article is available for download on the journal’s webpage free of charge.

Manuscript preparation:

Regular articles:

The manuscripts should be written in English in the following sequence: Title page, author(s) and affiliations, Abstract and keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion (Conclusion), Acknowledgements, References and Appendix (if any). All manuscripts submitted are subject for peer review and will be sent to at least two experts in the field. Author(s) is/ are encouraged to suggest the names and full addresses of potential reviewers, but the editorial board reserves the right of final selection.

Word limits:

A typical research article for this journal should be no more than 8,000 words including tables, figure captions and references. A typical short communication for this journal should be no more than 3500 words; this limit includes tables, references and figure captions.

Article structure and formatting rules

Research manuscripts should comprise:

  • Front matter: Title, Author list, Affiliations, Abstract, Keywords
  • Research manuscript sections: Introduction, Materials & Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusions (optional)
  • Back matter: Supplementary Materials (optional), Acknowledgments, Conflicts of Interest, References.

Review manuscripts should comprise the front matter, literature review sections and the back matter. The template file can also be used to prepare the front and back matter of your review manuscript. It is not necessary to follow the remaining structure. Structured reviews and meta-analyses should use the same structure as research articles

Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its own separate line. Please use the following rules for the entire text, including abstract, keywords, headings, and references. Divide the article into clearly defined sections. Figures and tables embedded in text (Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript where they cited first).

  • Font: Times New Roman; Size: 10 pt. with 1.5 Line spacing;
  • Paragraph Spacing: Above paragraph — 0 pt.; below paragraph — 10 pt.
  • Heading 1: Times New Roman; 14 pt.; Bold; for example, 1. First-level Heading
  • Heading 2: Times New Roman; 12 pt.; Bold; for example, 1.1 Second-level Heading
  • Heading 3: Times New Roman; 10 pt.; Bold; for example, 1.1.1 Third-level Heading

Title page (includes Title, authors & Affiliations):

The title should be brief, describing the contents of the paper. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible. It should include the name(s) of the author(s) and institutional affiliation(s), the name of the corresponding author along with full address including e-mail address. Numerical superscripts should be used against affiliations if the authors are more than one. The preferred form of an author’s name is first name, middle initial(s), and last name; this form reduces the likelihood of mistaken identity. Authors are strongly encouraged to include ORCID identifiers. To assist researchers as well as librarians, use the same form for publication throughout your career; that is, do not use initials on one manuscript and your full name on a later one. Omit all titles (e.g., Dr., Professor) and degrees (e.g., PhD, PsyD, EdD). The authors’ affiliation identifies the location of the author(s) at the time the research was conducted, which is usually an institution. Include a dual affiliation only if two institutions contributed substantial support to the study. Include no more than two affiliations per author. Example


A concise, factual and non-structured abstract is required without reference to the text. It should not exceed 250 words and must state main objectives and findings of the research. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results, and major conclusions. An abstract is often presented separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. References should therefore be avoided, but, if essential, they must be cited in full in the abstract, without relying on the reference list.

Key words:

Following the abstract, about 3 to 5 key words that will provide indexing references should be listed in alphabetical order


The introduction should briefly place the study in a broad context and highlight why it is important. It should define the purpose of the work and its significance, including specific hypotheses being tested. The current state of the research field should be reviewed carefully and key recent publications cited. Please highlight controversial and diverging hypotheses when necessary. Finally, briefly mention the main aim of the work and highlight the main conclusions. Keep the introduction comprehensible to scientists working outside the topic of the paper.

Materials and Methods:

Under this heading a concise description of the conditions, under which the investigation was carried out and the procedures, techniques, experimental designs and materials used should be given. In addition, data collection, statistical methods and analysis of data should be clearly described. In general the materials and methods should be complete enough to allow experiments to be reproduced.

Results and Discussion:

Results should be presented and described systematically. Detailed interpretation of data should be discussed with reference to problems indicated in the introduction or stated as objectives with other earlier findings in the area of current research work. Conclusions, in a few sentences, can be stated at the end of the results and discussion part of the paper.


The main conclusions of the study may be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.


Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. Acknowledgements of persons, grants, funds, etc. should be brief. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).

For single agency grants: This work was supported by the [Funding Agency] under Grant [number xxxx]. 
For multiple agency grants: This work was supported by the [funding Agency 1]; under Grant [number xxxx]; [Funding Agency 2] under Grant [number xxxx]; and [Funding Agency 3] under Grant [number xxxx].

Conflicts of Interest: 

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles before the reference section. When an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read “The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.”


Citation in text- should be consistent

Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should follow the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either 'Unpublished results' or 'Personal communication'. Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication. It is advisable to use Reference management softwares such as EndNote, Mendeley etc. A general reference system used in many disciplines, “Harvard – author-year” style is recommended for EJED.


Reference formatting- References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present.

Reference style


Reference to a journal publication:

Negasa, T., Ketema, H., Legesse, A., Sisay, M. & Temesgen, H. 2017. Variation in soil properties under different land use types managed by smallholder farmers along the toposequence in southern Ethiopia. Geoderma, 290, 40-50. https://doi.10.1016/j.geoderma.2016.11.021.

Reference to PhD Dissertation or master thesis:

Legesse, A. 2014. The Dynamics of Gedeo Agroforestry and Its Implications to Sustainability. PhD Dissertation, UNISA, Pretoria, South Africa.

Reference to Books:

Shriver, D.F. and Atkins, P.W. 1999. Inorganic chemistry. 3rd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Reference to a chapter in an edited Books:

Mettam, G. R., & Adams, L. B. 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article. In B. S. Jones, & R. Z. Smith (Eds.),

Reference to website:

Cancer Research UK. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. 2003. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/

aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/ Accessed 13.03.03.


Other important considerations


The text size of equations should be similar to normal text size. The formula should done using mathematical equation and be placed center justified with serial number on the right. For example:


Please submit tables as editable text and not as images. Tables should be placed next to or near by the relevant text in the article. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data presented in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules. For example:

Figure captions

Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used in the figure legend, if they have not been explained in a key. Please make sure the figure legends are understandable. A minimum resolution of 300 DPI is required. The maximum number of Figures will normally be four. Number figures consecutively and place a figure’s caption and description below the figure body. Maps must have scales. Figures reproduced from other sources should be fully acknowledged in the legend, and permission for their reproduction should be sought before use.

Disclosure statement

Authors are required to complete a declaration of competing interests. All competing interests that are declared will be listed at the end of published articles before the reference section. When an author gives no competing interests, the listing will read “The author(s) declare that they have no competing interests.”

Graphical abstract (Optional). This is an image to give readers a clear idea of the content of your article. It should be a maximum width of 525 pixels.


Should you have any queries, please visit our contact us at ejed@du.edu.et.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.